Henry Middleton, 1770-1846
Henry Middleton was born in England, but educated in South Carolina. Widely traveled in Europe and his own country, he served in both houses of the State Legislature and as Governor of South Carolina (1810-1812). After serving in Congress (1815-1819) he was appointed America's Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to Russia, a post he held from 1820 to 1830.
An avid horticulturalist, Henry Middleton enlarged his grandfather and namesake's gardens. He was a friend of Andre Michaux, the famous French botanist who introduced many exotic plants to America. Michaux visited Middleton Place, bringing with him the first camellias to be planted in an American garden. The Library in the Middleton Place House contains Thomas Walter's Flora Caroliniana (1788) with Middleton's notation, "NB: This was Michaux's copy."