Arthur Middleton, 1742-1787
Arthur Middleton was born at Middleton Place and educated in England, at Westminster and Trinity Hall, Cambridge. He also studied law at the Middle Temple. In 1764 he married Mary Izard and the couple settled at Middleton Place. In 1768 they traveled to England where their first child was born in 1770. Returning to South Carolina, he became keenly interested in politics, becoming a leader in Charleston's Sons of Liberty and one of the boldest members of the Council of Safety and its Secret Committee. In 1776, he was elected to succeed his father in the Continental Congress and subsequently was a signer of the Declaration of Independence.
He served in the defense of Charleston during the Revolutionary War. After the city's fall to the British in 1780, he was sent to St. Augustine, Florida, as a prisoner of war until exchanged in July the following year. He died on January 1, 1787 at the age of 45 and was buried in the family tomb in the Gardens at Middleton Place. The plantation then passed to his eldest son, Henry.